An industrial design (design patent)
is the result of creative actions of a man in the area of design development and styling.
The objects of protection
may be a shape, an image, the colour score
or their combination
which determine the appearance of the product
and are used to meet aesthetic and ergonomic needs of people.
Industrial design registration
is necessary to obtain the state-guaranteed privileges to use an industrial design including the enforcement of the right to prohibit the use of such intellectual property asset by third parties.
and/or legal entities
may be the holders
of the property rights for an industrial design. Property rights for an industrial design may simultaneously belong to several legal entities and/or individuals. However, an author
or the authors
have a nonproperty right of author for an industrial design, which is an inalienable right and is subject to permanent protection.
An image (images) of claimed product is indicated in the first place in a title of protection
, which is a design patent or a certificate
of industrial design registration, because it is the appearance that determines the scope of rights protected by a title for the indicated intellectual property asset. When submitting an application, some countries ask for the description of the protected design
, which usually is not published.
covered by the protection of the registered design is always indicated in the title of protection. It may include one or several countries.
The validity of registration
of the design patent is 10-20 years depending on the country (if relevant state fees are paid periodically).
It is important to remember the following
: it is better to invest in protection of your original design before
the start of sale of goods and services than to spend significantly more money in future to protect your products from unscrupulous competitors and intellectual property dealers.
, the certificates of registration for an industrial design are issued under responsibility of an applicant (i.e. registration system
). This means that the Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria (BG PTO)
examines a claimed industrial design only for meeting absolute criteria (application correctness, correspondence to the principles of morality and ethics, etc.)
In this case, the feature of novelty is not considered to be violated if an applicant has introduced its product six months before submitting an application for registration.
The maximum validity
of a certificate is 25 years.
Maintenance fee for a certificate of registration for an industrial design must be paid before the end of the 10th, 15th, and 20th year of its validity
. Certificate maintenance fee must be paid every five years